The practice of Functional Neurology is based in neuroscience and explores how the latest research can be applied to patient care. After determining the efficiency at which an individual's nervous system is functioning, a practitioner utilising Functional Neurology may create a treatment program to assist in improving the capabilities of the patient's nervous system. Functional Neurology practitioners, unlike medical Neurologists, do not use drugs or surgery to achieve this.
Building upon the core premise of neuroplasticity – the ability of the brain and nervous system to adapt and change in response to stimulus – Functional Neurology practitioners are able to engage in the rehabilitation of a significant range of conditions. These include movement disorders, vestibular conditions, neurodegenerative and demyelinating diseases, traumatic brain injury, neurodevelopmental disorders, pain complexes and more. Care programs may involve specific exercises, stimulation with sound, light or touch among a range of ways to stimulate the brain and nervous system.